PAVIA

PAVIA, city in N. Italy. In 750 the Jew Lullo took part in a religious disputation in Pavia with the Christian Peter of Pisa. In the ninth century a Jewish scholar named Moses, whose name is associated with the diffusion of mystical lore in Europe, left oria to settle in Pavia; his relationship to the 11th century R. Moses of pavia is obscure. In 1225 the Jews were expelled from Lombardy, including Pavia. In 1389 Jewish loan-bankers reappeared in the city. They were so violently attacked in the sermons of bernardino da feltre between 1480 and 1494 that the inhabitants demanded their expulsion. However, Duke Giangaleazzo Sforza refused to comply. Popular agitation for the exclusion of the Jews nevertheless continued. When Pavia was besieged by the French in 1527 its inhabitants solemnly vowed that if they surmounted the catastrophe they would "cleanse" the town of Jews. However, the efforts of the numerous delegations later dispatched to the authorities in Milan to obtain their agreement came to nothing. The physician elijah b. shabbetai taught medicine at the University of Pavia at the beginning of the 15th century – the only authenticated case of a Jewish university teacher in Europe at this period. A chair of Hebrew was established at the end of the 15th century and was renewed in 1521, the first incumbent being the erudite apostate Paolo Riccio. The duchy   of Milan came under Spanish rule in 1535, and the Jews in Pavia obtained short residence permits for a time. In 1558 only seven Jewish families remained in Pavia, and they left during the series of expulsions between 1565 and 1597 which drove all Jews from the duchy of Milan. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Invernizzi, in: Bollettino della Società pavese di storia patria, 5 (1905), 191–240, 281–319; Roth, Italy, index; Milano, Italia, index; Milano, Bibliotheca, index; Roth, Dark Ages, index. (Attilio Milano)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pavia — Pavia …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pavía — Pavia Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pavia — • Diocese in Lombardy, northern Italy Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Pavia     Diocese of Pavia     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pavia — Pavia,   1) Hauptstadt der Provinz Pavia, in der Lombardei, Italien, 80 m über dem Meeresspiegel, am Tessin (Ticino) vor seiner Mündung in den Po, 75 600 Einwohner; Bischofssitz; …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Pavía — Pavia (homonymie) Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Communes italiennes Certosa di Pavia Pavie (Pavia en italien) Pavia di Udine Personnalités Manuel Pavía (1827 1895), général espagnol Ce …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pavia — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para la ciudad lombarda, véase Pavía. Pavia es un municipio de la provincia filipina de Iloilo. Según el censo de 2000, tiene 32.824 habitantes en 6.553 casas. Barangayes Pavia se divide políticamente a 18 barangayes …   Wikipedia Español

  • pavía — (De Pavía, ciudad de Italia). 1. f. Variedad del pérsico, cuyo fruto tiene la piel lisa y la carne jugosa y pegada al hueso. 2. Fruto de este árbol. echar por las de Pavía. fr. coloq. Hablar o responder con alteración, despecho o descomedimiento …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Pavīa — Pavīa, 1) Provinz in der Lombardei, an Parma, die lombardischen Provinzen Lodi u. Mailand, die piemontesischen Provinzen Lomellina u. Tortona grenzend; 242/5 QM., 167,000 Ew.; ist eben, vom Po, Ticino, Olonna, den Kanälen Naviglio grande,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Pavīa [2] — Pavīa, Hauptstadt der gleichnamigen ital. Provinz (s. oben), in einer fruchtbaren Ebene links am Ticino (77 m ü. M.), 7 km vor seiner Mündung in den Po, am Kanal von P. und an den Eisenbah nen Mailand P. Genua, P. Cremona Mantua und P. Valenza… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Pavia — Le nom est fréquent en Italie du Nord, où il désigne celui qui est originaire de la ville ou de la province de Pavie (Lombardie). Mais on le rencontre aussi en Espagne, sans doute aussi comme nom de localité (une commune s appelle Pavia au… …   Noms de famille

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.